Wealth and diversity of wildlife
The richness of the wildlife of the Vanoise National Park is undeniable. From large ungulates to birds, from insects to amphibians.
Herbivores (deer, deer, chamois and ibex … they are all present in Vanoise), rodents (the mountain hare that changes livery during the seasons, groundhog established mostly in the vast alpine lawns, various voles including the snow vole, the ring-billed mouse), carnivores (fox, badger, marten, marten, ermine), bats (the pipistrelle common, the north ear) and insectivores such as the water shrew.
Among the 125 species of birds nesting in the Vanoise, we find: the golden eagle, the crossbill, the cassenoix, the tengmalm owl, the pied flycatcher, the long-eared owl, the rock thrush, the sparrow, the black grouse, the rock partridge, the rock ptarmigan, the black woodpecker, the woodpecker (seen only in France in Savoy and Haute Savoie) and the tichodrome.
A third of the flora of France in Vanoise
The latest synthesis on the flora of France “Flora Gallica”, published in 2014, lists about 5000 species of vascular plants (ferns and allied plants, conifers and flowering plants) in metropolitan France. The Vanoise Massif alone brings together 1700 species, or a third of the flora of France on less than 0.5% of the national territory!
This exceptional diversity is explained by the variety of environments present to connect to the important altitudinal gradient , the panel of exhibitions, the strong differences in the chemical compositions of rocks and soils.